The Science Of Effective Cleaning: Understanding Cleaning Agents

The Science Of Effective Cleaning: Understanding Cleaning Agents

By : Georgia
Cleaning is not just a process of removing dust and stains. It involves a science behind effective cleaning. Eliminating stubborn stains, grime, grease, mould, and other allergens requires a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of different cleaning agents and techniques to achieve the best outcomes. Make sure you know the difference between surfactants and enzymatic cleaners, acidic cleaners or alkaline solvents, etc, before applying on any surface. Some harsh or acidic cleaners can cause harm to the natural stone surfaces, while some surfaces are too delicate to handle enzymatic cleaners. That’s the main reason why people prefer hiring cheap vacate cleaning in Perth who know the chemical compounds of cleaning agents and proven methods to remove stains and grime. Here is a complete guide on understanding cleaning agents and the science behind effective cleaning to help you achieve desired results without causing damage to the surface.

Types of Cleaning Agents

Cleaning agents are also known as cleaners, cleaning solvents or detergents formulated to tackle organic stains, grease, oil, grime, dirt and other contaminants from different surfaces. Here are some of the most common types of cleaning agents and their basic characteristics:
  1. Surfactants
These are one of the major ingredients in most cleaning agents available in the market, such as floor cleaners, mould removers, toilet cleaners, and much more. They basically minimize surface tension by letting water spread and penetrate better on the affected surface and tackle dirt and grime with ease. In simple words, surfactants boost the wetting and spreading process of water on different surfaces, which in turn, helps you remove stubborn stains, oil and grime in a few minutes. However, it is good to use natural cleaning products to clean furniture and fight odours. Vinegar, baking soda and other cleaning products are good for removing stains.
  1. Enzymatic Cleaners
These specified cleaners have an enzyme that breaks down and eliminates organic stains, such as blood, pet urine, food particles and much more. These cleaners promote biochemical reactions that break down complex organic molecules into soluble and simpler compounds.
  1. Acidic Cleaners
Acidic cleaners include white vinegar, lemon and other citric products that can easily remove rust stains, mineral deposits and soap scum. The citric properties work by breaking down and dissolving stubborn stains and grime from different surfaces. Professional vacate cleaners Perth don’t recommend using acidic cleaners on natural stone surfaces, such as marble, tiles, stones, etc. You can also make homemade carpet shampoo recipes using vinegar and other natural acidic cleaners.
  1. Alkaline Cleaners
Sodium hydroxide and ammonia-based solvents available on the market are called alkaline cleaners. They work effectively when it comes to removing protein stains, oil, grease and grime. The store-bought alkaline products work by saponification that breaks down fats into soap-like substances for quick removal. Since ammonia is a harmful chemical, you can use baking soda because it is one of the safest alternatives that can help you eliminate stains without releasing chemicals into the air.
  1. Disinfectants
These products can kill harmful germs or microorganisms, such as viruses, germs, bacteria and fungi, from almost all surfaces. Use disinfectant sprays and wipes after removing stains and dirt from the surface. Using it on dirt-laden areas won’t help you achieve the desired results.

What are the Mechanisms of Actions of Cleaning Agents?

Do you want to understand the science of effective cleaning? It is important to see how the mechanisms of these cleaning agents work and remove stains and grime. Here are a few mechanisms:
  • Solubilisation: Many cleaning agents contain solubilise substances by breaking them down into a liquid solution. For instance, ammonia-based cleaners dissolve protein-based stains by breaking the bonds between the proteins and the area.
  • Emulsification: Surfactants in cleaning products work as emulsifiers that enable the dispersion of greasy and oily substances in water. They basically spread and breakdown the oil and grease stains and let them mix with water for a quick removal.
  • Oxidation: Some cleaning products use oxidation to eliminate stubborn stains. They can easily remove organic compounds and bad odours.
  • Mechanical Action: Scrubbing, brushing and agitation boosts the effectiveness of cleaning products and helps you remove stains from different surfaces. It is good to understand the cleaning process and achieve sparkling results.
  • pH Levels: It is important to understand the pH scale of different cleaning products. The pH measures the alkalinity and acidity of a substance. For instance, acidic cleaners are ideal for removing mineral deposits on tiles, while alkaline are great at removing grease and oil stains. 

Effective Cleaning Techniques

  • Prepare the surface by removing loose dirt and soil from the surface and apply cleaning agents accordingly.
  • Spray the cleaning agents and let it sit for a few minutes to break down the surface.
  • Scrub or rub the surface using proper tools
  • Rinse the surface
  • Wipe down and dry
  • Disinfect the germ-laden
If you are preparing your rented property and want to get your bond back, book professionals for a budget vacate cleaning Perth and pass the rental inspection. 

Wrapping Up

Understanding the science of effective cleaning and the mechanisms of cleaning agents is not as complex as it seems. If you want to achieve sparkling results, consider these basic characteristics and use natural cleaning products for different surfaces, such as vinegar, baking soda, lemon, etc, to keep dirt, grime and stains at bay.